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Antibiotic resistance surges in dolphins, mirroring humans  

Scientists obtained a total of 733 pathogen isolates from 171 individual wild Bottlenose dolphins in Florida and found that the overall prevalence of resistance to at least one antibiotic for the 733 isolates was 88.2%. Resistance was highest to erythromycin, followed by ampicillin. It is likely that these isolates from dolphins originated from a source where antibiotics are regularly used, potentially entering the marine environment through human activities or discharges from terrestrial source

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2019-09-15 21:26:12



Did a Jurassic Dinosaur Smoosh a Turtle?  

A smashed shell may have been crumpled by an ambling dinosaur -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-15 19:18:52



Did the Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Inadvertently Help Lichens?  

The leafy lichens seem to have picked up where a lot of incinerated plants left off -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-15 12:37:27



New Proto-Dinosaur Found in Colorado  

A lanky reptile found in the Centennial State is a close cousin of early dinosaurs -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-15 10:36:56



Is Mathematics, Like Science, Pluralistic?  

Mathematicians disagree over whether their fundamental assumptions, or axioms, are true. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-15 07:42:57



High social support associated with less violence among male teens in urban neighborhoods  

Researchers find that the presence of adult social support is linked to less violence among at-risk teen boys.

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2019-09-14 12:41:48



Pluralism: Beyond the One and Only Truth  

Some big questions, such as how matter makes mind and what quantum mechanics means, may not have a single, definitive answer -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-14 12:28:41



Ancient Australia was home to strange marsupial giants, some weighing over 1,000 kg  

Palorchestid marsupials, an extinct group of Australian megafauna, had strange bodies and lifestyles unlike any living species.

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2019-09-14 06:32:27



At 100, James Lovelock Has New Ideas About Gaia and Earth's Future  

Our blue-marble planet, imaged by the DSCOVR spacecraft. Life maintains a stubborn balance here--but for how long? (Credit: NOAA/EPIC) James Lovelock has a lot to celebrate. The renowned British futurist and environmentalist just enjoyed a 100th birthday party with his wife and friends. Over his long career he has seen his once-controversial Gaia hypothesis steadily gain significant acceptance among his colleagues. And capping all that, he has just published Novacene, a book that pr

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2019-09-14 04:35:29



Readers Respond to the May 2019 Issue  

Letters to the editor from the May 2019 issue of Scientific American -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-14 03:49:31



The Atmospheric Microbiome  

For single-celled organisms Earth's atmosphere represents transport, refuge, and possibly a habitat -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-14 01:01:03



9 Ways to Instantly Cut Your Environmental Impact  

Buying clothes and other items second hand is a great way to cut your environmental impact. (Credit: Cabeca de Marmore/Shutterstock) Helping the environment might seem like an impossible task, especially when there are a couple billion other people out there, still doing their thing. But even just cutting your current environmental impact a little is better than doing nothing at all. So, here are a few ideas to get you started. Buy Stuff Second Hand What has less of an im

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2019-09-13 20:12:11



Therapeutic strategies for pregnant women with lupus  

A highly gender-biased disease, lupus afflicts females some nine times more than males. Because of the disease's unpredictable turns and debilitating flares -- the risks of which are elevated in postpartum women -- females with the disease are often advised to avoid pregnancy altogether.

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2019-09-13 18:39:40



Microbes make chemicals for scent marking in a cat  

Domestic cats, like many other mammals, use smelly secretions from anal sacs to mark territory and communicate with other animals. A new study shows that many odiferous compounds from a male cat are actually made not by the cat, but by a community of bacteria living in the anal sacs.

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2019-09-13 18:38:34



A Second Interstellar Object May Be Streaking through Our Solar System  

The “fluke” find of a  possible visitor from another star after the 2017 discovery of ‘Oumuamua offers thrilling scientific opportunities -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-13 17:38:54



Few people with peanut allergy tolerate peanut after stopping oral immunotherapy  

Studies have shown that peanut oral immunotherapy (OIT) -- ingesting small, controlled amounts of peanut protein -- can desensitize adults and children and prevent allergic reactions, but the optimal duration and dose is unknown. In a study that followed participants after successful OIT, discontinuing OIT or continuing OIT at a reduced dose led to a decline in its protective effects. The study also found that blood tests administered before OIT could predict the success of therapy.

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2019-09-13 13:57:54



Engineers' new topological insulator reroutes photonic 'traffic' on the fly  

Photonic chips promise even faster data transfer speeds and information-dense applications, but the components necessary for building them remain considerably larger than their electronic counterparts, due to the lack of efficient data-routing architecture. A photonic topological insulator with edges that can be dynamically redefined, however, would help solve this problem. Being able to route these 'roads' around one another as needed means the entire interior bulk could be used to efficiently

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2019-09-13 13:50:13



Anesthetic drug sevoflurane improves sepsis outcomes, animal study reveals  

Patients with sepsis often require surgery or imaging procedures under general anesthesia, yet there is no standard regimen for anesthetizing septic patients. Of volatile (inhaled) anesthetics, sevoflurane and isoflurane are the most commonly used drugs, despite their undetermined mechanisms of action. A novel study suggests that the type of drug used in general anesthesia could be critical to the survival of patients with sepsis.

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2019-09-13 13:46:55



How IL-6 allows the immune response to develop for a key cell, the T follicular helper  

A preclinical study shows how the interplay of two interleukin signaling proteins, IL-6 and IL-2, affects the development of T follicular helper cells and germinal centers. This interplay may either maintain or disrupt the balancing act of the immune system between attacking infections and benign surveillance of the body's own cells. Thus, the research may help guide future disease treatment for autoimmune diseases like lupus.

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2019-09-13 13:43:43



'Soft tactile logic' tech distributes decision-making throughout stretchable material  

Inspired by octopuses, researchers have developed a structure that senses, computes and responds without any centralized processing -- creating a device that is not quite a robot and not quite a computer, but has characteristics of both. The new technology holds promise for use in a variety of applications, from soft robotics to prosthetic devices.

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2019-09-13 13:31:42



Addressing serious illness with a serious question to clinicians  

A question: 'Would you be surprised if this patient died in the next month?' -- posed to elicit a clinician's overall impression of a patient -- produced a strong correlation. If a clinician answered that they would not be surprised, the patient was twice as likely to die in the next month.

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2019-09-13 13:17:29



Disabled people in UK marginalized by paperwork and programs which aim to help them  

Research shows disabled people face being marginalized by the very programs that are designed to help them. Projects and welfare systems established to provide support are normalizing disabled people, and unintentionally contributing to their further marginalization.

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2019-09-13 12:36:27



Battery icons shape perceptions of time and space and define user identities  

Research finds battery icons on mobile phones shape how people view time and space, and how battery conservation practices define user identities.

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2019-09-13 12:15:36



Why Amazon Trees Are Especially Vulnerable to This Year's Fires  

Even trees that look as if they survived will die in the coming years, because they did not evolve fire-resistant features -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-13 11:36:38



Multidrug resistance: Not as recent as we thought  

Researchers have found that the ancient RND-type multidrug efflux pump AcrB from Haemophilus influenzae targets the same drugs as its more evolved counterpart from Escherichia coli, showing that multidrug resistance is an ancient trait. The more ancient protein is unaffected by efflux pump inhibitors, which were designed to target the evolved pumps. Understanding these evolutionary differences will help researchers develop targeted therapies against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens.

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2019-09-13 11:12:36



The History of Opium, Facing Up to Quantum Mechanics and Other New Science Books  

Book recommendations from the editors of Scientific American  -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-13 10:31:28



Paramagnetic spins take electrons for a ride, produce electricity from heat  

Local thermal perturbations of spins in a solid can convert heat to energy even in a paramagnetic material -- where spins weren't thought to correlate long enough to do so. This effect, which the researchers call 'paramagnon drag thermopower,' converts a temperature difference into an electrical voltage.

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2019-09-13 10:15:46



Scientists Are Concerned over U.S. Environmental Agency's Plan to Limit Animal Research  

Critics say the shift away from using animals in safety tests will hamper chemical research and regulations -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-13 10:15:03



Verdict for China's efforts on coal emissions  

Researchers from China, France and the USA have evaluated China's success in stemming emissions from its coal-fired power plants (CPPs). CPPs are one of the main contributors to air pollution in China, and their proliferation over the last 20 years has had significant impacts on air quality and public health. These impacts led authorities to introduce measures to control emissions from CPPs and reduce their effects.

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2019-09-13 09:49:10



Extinction of Icelandic walrus coincides with Norse settlement  

An international collaboration of scientists has for the first time used ancient DNA analyses and C14-dating to demonstrate the past existence of a unique population of Icelandic walrus that went extinct shortly after Norse settlement some 1100 years ago. Walrus hunting and ivory trade was probably the principal cause of extinction, being one of the earliest examples of commercially driven overexploitation of marine resources.

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2019-09-13 09:26:14



Researchers use light to control high-speed chemical reactions in a new way  

Many natural and synthetic chemical systems react and change their properties in the presence of certain kinds of light. These reactions can occur too quickly for ordinary instruments to see. For the first time, researchers adopted a novel technique to observe the high-speed reactions. A special kind of reaction observed with this method could lead to new optical nanotechnology.

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2019-09-13 09:01:08



Groovy! These grooved patterns better mitigate shock waves  

Engineers have discovered a method that could make materials more resilient against massive shocks such as earthquakes or explosions. They found that cutting small grooves in obstacle materials diminished the impacts of what's called the reflected shock wave--once the initial wave has hit the spiral of obstacles and bounced back.

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2019-09-13 08:55:26



How new loops in DNA packaging help us make diverse antibodies  

It's long been known that our immune cells mix and match bits of genetic code to make new kinds of antibodies to fight newly encountered threats. But how these different gene segments come together has been a mystery. A study provides the answer, showing how the classic process of V(D)J recombination makes use of chromatin looping to gather the segments to be spliced.

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2019-09-13 08:21:54



Tiny bubbles in our body could fight cancer better than chemo  

Healthy cells in our body release nano-sized bubbles that transfer genetic material such as DNA and RNA to other cells. It's your DNA that stores the important information necessary for RNA to produce proteins and make sure they act accordingly. These bubbly extracellular vesicles could become mini treatment transporters, carrying a combination of therapeutic drugs and genes that target cancer cells and kill them, according to new research from Michigan State University and Stanford University.

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2019-09-13 08:19:53



How Do You Know Which Emotion a Facial Expression Represents?  

A group of researchers has created a short test to see just how misleading the look on a person's face can be -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-13 08:04:32



Lab-Grown Human Mini Brains Show Brainy Activity  

As the little structures grow, their constituents specialize into different types of brain cells, begin to form connections and emit brain waves. They could be useful models for development and... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-13 07:58:20



Hubble Sheds New Light on Lives of Star Clusters  

A new look at the Large Magellanic Cloud is helping astronomers better understand how groups of stars evolve. (Credit: ESA/NASA) NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has taken new observations of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a small, neighboring galaxy to our Milky Way and found new insights into the star clusters that live there. Star clusters are quite common in the universe. If a galaxy is a cosmic metropolis, star clusters would be like a small town. They form as huge clouds ...

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2019-09-13 07:55:44



Breaking the 'stalemate' in the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children  

Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children. A phase II clinical trial is the first to show improved outcomes in rhabdomyosarcoma in 45 years.

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2019-09-13 07:54:04



New way to target cancer's diversity and evolution  

Scientists have revealed close-up details of a vital molecule involved in the mix and match of genetic information within cells -- opening up the potential to target proteins of this family to combat cancer's diversity and evolution.

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2019-09-13 07:51:21



Waterhemp has evolved resistance to 4 herbicide sites of action  

When a waterhemp biotype in eastern Nebraska survived a post-emergent application of the PPO inhibitor fomesafen, scientists decided to take a close look. They discovered the population was resistant to four distinct herbicide sites of action, including PPO inhibitors, ALS inhibitors, EPSPS inhibitors and PS II inhibitors.

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2019-09-13 07:48:31



Speeding up the drug discovery process to help patients  

An international research team is perfecting a method to predict the potential clinical implications of new drugs before clinical trials even start.

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2019-09-13 07:45:19



Inspired by natural signals in living cells, researchers design artificial gas detector  

A cube one-fortieth the size of a human red blood cell can glow when it detects flammable gas. The nanocube is part of a research project to develop artificial systems that mimic the complex chain of events inside living cells.

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2019-09-13 07:30:06



Slower growth in working memory linked to teen driving crashes  

Research into why adolescent drivers are involved in motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of injury and death among 16- to 19-year-olds in the United States, has often focused on driving experience and skills. But a new study suggests that development of the adolescent brain -- in particular, working memory -- may play a critical role in whether a teenager is more likely to crash.

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2019-09-13 07:21:13



Abnormal gut bugs tied to worse cognitive performance in vets with PTSD and cirrhosis  

A study involving military veterans with PTSD and cirrhosis of the liver points to an abnormal mix of bacteria in the intestines as a possible driver of poor cognitive performance -- and as a potential target for therapy.

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2019-09-13 07:02:30



Parasitology: Mother cells as organelle donors  

Microbiologists have discovered a recycling process in the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii that plays a vital role in the organism's unusual mode of reproduction.

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2019-09-13 07:01:27



Cancer cells prefer a 'comfort cruise,' follow predictable paths of least resistance  

New research from biomedical engineers reveals that while cancer cells move quickly in metastasis, they're rather lazy in which paths they choose -- opting to move through wider, easier to navigate spaces rather than smaller, confined spaces to reduce energy requirements during movement.

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2019-09-13 06:52:03



LH dipeptide may improve mental health  

Researchers have made discoveries regarding the effect of the dipeptide Leucine-Histidine (LH) in suppressing microglial activation and depression-associated emotional disturbances. LH dipeptide is found in fermented foods such as blue cheese and natto (fermented soy beans). Foods rich in LH dipeptide may be a safe, preventive method for maintaining good mental health.

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2019-09-13 06:48:46



Low sea-ice cover in the Arctic  

The sea-ice extent in the Arctic is nearing its annual minimum at the end of the melt season in September. Only circa 3.9 million square kilometers of the Arctic Ocean are covered by sea ice any more, according to researchers.

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2019-09-13 06:46:33



Focus points to reduce opioid overdose deaths identified  

A new study identifies specific locations where medication and harm reduction services for people with opioid use disorder should be available in order to have the greatest impact on reducing opioid overdose deaths. The data show that more than half of those who died of an opioid overdose in Massachusetts encountered the health care, public health and/or criminal justice systems within the 12 months prior to their fatal overdose.

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2019-09-13 06:30:06



B cells linked to immunotherapy for melanoma  

Immunotherapy uses our body's own immune system to fight cancer. Many current immunotherapies focus on T cells, but new research shows that another type of cell, B cells, might also play an important part in immunotherapies for cancer.

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2019-09-13 06:25:40



Engineers develop 'blackest black' material to date  

Engineers have cooked up a material made of carbon nanotubes that is 10 times blacker than anything that has previously been reported.

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2019-09-13 06:19:22



New vibration sensor detects buried objects from moving vehicle  

Researchers will report a new laser-based sensor that effectively detects buried objects even while the detector is in motion. This new device offers a significant improvement over existing technologies, which cannot be operated on the go and lose accuracy in the presence of external sources of sound or vibration.

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2019-09-13 05:56:59



Over one-fifth of injured US adult cyclists were not wearing a helmet  

Men and ethnic minorities are less likely to wear cycle helmets and more likely to suffer from head and neck injuries in accidents, according to new research.

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2019-09-13 05:47:57



The rare molecule weighing in on the birth of planets  

Astronomers using one of the most advanced radio telescopes have discovered a rare molecule in the dust and gas disc around a young star -- and it may provide an answer to one of the conundrums facing astronomers.

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2019-09-13 05:16:14



Predicting risk of heart failure for diabetes patients with help from machine learning  

A new study unveils a new, machine-learning derived model that can predict, with a high degree of accuracy, future heart failure among patients with diabetes.

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2019-09-13 04:51:46



Environmental pollution in China begins decreasing  

For decades pollution in China has paralleled economic growth. But this connection has been weakened in recent years, according to a new international research study.

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2019-09-13 04:28:31



Newly Discovered Comet Is Likely Interstellar Visitor  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Sep 13, 2019 A newly discovered comet has excited the astronomical community this week because it appears to have originated from outside the solar system. The object - designated C/2019 Q4 (Borisov) - was discovered on Aug. 30, 2019, by Gennady Borisov at the MARGO observatory in Nauchnij, Crimea. The official confirmation that comet C/2019 Q4 is an interstellar comet has not yet been made, but if it is int

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2019-09-13 03:50:05



How microtubules branch in new directions, a first look in animals  

Cell biologists say they have, for the first time, directly observed and recorded in animal cells a pathway called branching microtubule nucleation, a mechanism in cell division that had been imaged in cellular extracts and plant cells but not directly observed in animal cells.

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2019-09-13 03:35:34



Nanomaterial created that is both twisted and untwisted at the same time  

A new nanomaterial could solve a conundrum faced by scientists probing some of the most promising types of future pharmaceuticals.

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2019-09-13 03:33:16



Male Trinidad guppies find food thanks to females  

For male Trinidad Guppies applies: if you are hungry, seek female company. A recent study provides evidence that male guppy fish in the presence of females more often ended up at novel food patches. In contrast, female food discovery was independent of male presence.

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2019-09-13 03:29:46



Team discovers polymorph selection during crystal growth can be thermodynamically driven  

Scientists provide solid calculation to demonstrate the structural transformation in colloidal crystallization can be entirely thermodynamic, in contrast to the kinetic argument, from both theoretical and computational perspectives.

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2019-09-13 03:15:55



Two Asteroids to Safely Fly by Earth  

Washington DC (SPX) Sep 13, 2019 Two relatively medium-sized asteroids will fly safely past Earth overnight Sept. 13-14 (Eastern U.S. time). NASA is tracking the objects, but orbit calculations ruled out any chance that the objects could pose a threat to our planet. "These asteroids have been well observed-once since 2000 and the other since 2010-and their orbits are very well known," said Lindley Johnson, planetary defen

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2019-09-13 03:04:43



Roscosmos to Build Cheap Soyuz-2M Rocket for Commercial Satellites Launch Service  

Moscow (Sputnik) Sep 13, 2019 Russian state space corporation Roscosmos is working on a cheaper version of the Soyuz rocket to cut launch costs for commercial satellites, Russian space travel operator Glavkosmos (GK) Launch Services CEO Alexander Serkin said. Speaking at the World Satellite Business Week in Paris, Serkin noted that the GK Launch Services, in partnership with Roscosmos, is working on ways to reduce the

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2019-09-13 02:54:16



'Ringing' black hole validates Einstein's general relativity 10 years ahead of schedule  

New York NY (SPX) Sep 13, 2019 For the first time, astrophysicists have heard a black hole ringing like a bell. By reanalyzing the first black hole merger ever detected, the astrophysicists measured the gravitational wave 'tones' emitted following the event. The breakthrough comes 10 years earlier than expected and confirms that the properties of black holes are just as Einstein predicted in his theory of general relativity i

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2019-09-13 02:53:02



Innovative model created for NASA to predict vitamin levels in spaceflight food  

Amherst MD (SPX) Sep 13, 2019 A team of food scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has developed a groundbreaking, user-friendly mathematical model for NASA to help ensure that astronauts' food remains rich in nutrients during extended missions in space. The new research, published in the journal Food Chemistry, gives NASA a time-saving shortcut to predict the degradation of vitamins in spaceflight food

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2019-09-13 02:49:32



Gene editing tool gets sharpened by WFIRM team  

Scientists have fine-tuned their delivery system to deliver a DNA editing tool to alter DNA sequences and modify gene function. The improved 'hit and run' system works faster and is more efficient.

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2019-09-13 02:40:08



Brain-inspired computing could tackle big problems in a small way  

While computers have become smaller and more powerful and supercomputers and parallel computing have become the standard, we are about to hit a wall in energy and miniaturization. Now, researchers have designed a 2D device that can provide more than yes-or-no answers and could be more brain-like than current computing architectures.

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2019-09-13 02:29:07



Research redefines lower limit for planet size habitability  

Boston MA (SPX) Sep 12, 2019 In The Little Prince, the classic novella by Antoine de Saint-Exupery, the titular prince lives on a house-sized asteroid so small that he can watch the sunset any time of day by moving his chair a few steps. Of course, in real life, celestial objects that small can't support life because they don't have enough gravity to maintain an atmosphere. But how small is too small for habitability?

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2019-09-13 02:26:40



Black hole at the center of our galaxy appears to be getting hungrier  

Los Angeles CA (SPX) Sep 12, 2019 The enormous black hole at the center of our galaxy is having an unusually large meal of interstellar gas and dust, and researchers don't yet understand why. "We have never seen anything like this in the 24 years we have studied the supermassive black hole," said Andrea Ghez, UCLA professor of physics and astronomy and a co-senior author of the research. "It's usually a pretty quiet, wimpy

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2019-09-13 02:25:09



Saturn's Rings Shine in New Hubble Portrait  

Baltimore MD (SPX) Sep 13, 2019 Anyone who has ever peered at Saturn through a small telescope is immediately enticed by its elegant rings, which make the far-flung planet one of the most exotic-looking, opulent worlds in the solar system. The latest view of Saturn from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captures exquisite details of the ring system - which looks like a phonograph record with grooves that represent detailed s

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2019-09-13 02:22:55



Same but different: Unique cancer traits key to targeted therapies  

Researchers have discovered that the key to personalized therapies for some types of lung cancers may be to focus on their differences, not their similarities.

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2019-09-13 02:15:54



'Communities that Care' prevention system helps to protect youth  

Students in Pennsylvania school districts that participated in Communities that Care (CTC) coalitions were significantly less likely to use alcohol or marijuana, or to engage in delinquent behavior than those in non-CTC districts, according to a recent study.

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2019-09-13 02:10:24



NASA Licenses Cybersecurity Technology to Equator Corporation  

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Sep 13, 2019 Corporations, individuals and governments are looking for ways to harden systems against hacking, which is why a Washington, D.C.-based company, Equator Corporation, licensed a unique, patented NASA cybersecurity technology this year. Equator worked with the Strategic Partnerships Office (SPO) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, for an exclusive license to the tec

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2019-09-13 02:10:18



Natalie Portman joins Hollywood space race with 'Lucy in the Sky'  

Toronto, Canada (AFP) Sept 12, 2019 NASA may have grounded its space shuttles, but more Hollywood A-listers than ever are exploring the final frontier, with Natalie Portman launching one of two astronaut movie premieres at Toronto's film festival. "Lucy in the Sky" opens with Portman drifting through space in her astronaut suit, begging her bosses for a few more moments to gaze at the cosmos before returning to the humdrum rea

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2019-09-13 02:01:36



The enigma of bronze age tin  

The origin of the tin used in the Bronze Age has long been one of the greatest enigmas in archaeological research. Now researchers have solved part of the puzzle. They were able to proof that tin ingots found at archaeological sites in Israel, Turkey, and Greece do not come from Central Asia, as previously assumed, but from tin deposits in Europe.

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2019-09-13 01:43:38



Mars 2020 Spacecraft Comes Full Circle  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Sep 13, 2019 Engineers took NASA's Mars 2020 for a spin on Aug. 29, 2019. The 2,300-pound (1,040-kilogram) Martian vehicle was rotated clockwise and counterclockwise at about 1 revolution per minute on what is called a spin table in the clean room of the Spacecraft Assembly Facility at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The engineers were looking for the rover's center of gravity, or t

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2019-09-13 01:27:36



Scientists Discover Black Hole Has Three Hot Meals a Day  

Boston MA (SPX) Sep 12, 2019 There's an adage that it's not healthy to skip meals. Apparently, a supermassive black hole in the center of a galaxy millions of light-years away has gotten the message. A team of astronomers found X-ray bursts repeating about every nine hours originating from the center of a galaxy called GSN 069. Obtained with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton,

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2019-09-13 01:12:21



First Earth observation satellite with AI ready for launch  

Paris (ESA) Sep 13, 2019 A few months from now will see the launch of the first European satellite to demonstrate how onboard artificial intelligence can improve the efficiency of sending Earth observation data back to Earth. Dubbed O-Sat, or PhiSat, this revolutionary artificial intelligence technology will fly on one of the two CubeSats that make up the FSSCat mission - a Copernicus Masters winning idea. As the

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2019-09-13 01:11:48



Water detected on an exoplanet located in its star's habitable zone  

Montreal, Canada (SPX) Sep 12, 2019 Ever since the discovery of the first exoplanet in the 1990s, astronomers have made steady progress towards finding and probing planets located in the habitable zone of their stars, where conditions can lead to the formation of liquid water and the proliferation of life. Results from the Kepler satellite mission, which discovered nearly 2/3 of all known exoplanets to date, indicate that 5

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2019-09-13 01:04:17



Simple model captures almost 100 years of measles dynamics in London  

A simple epidemiological model accurately captures long-term measles transmission dynamics in London, including major perturbations triggered by historical events.

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2019-09-12 21:54:36



Migrating Birds May Be Collateral Damage for a Popular Pesticide  

Neonicotinoids may be partly responsible for declines in songbird populations -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-12 21:47:05



Insecticides May Be Giving Songbirds Anorexia and Delaying Their Migrations  

An experiment with white-crowned sparrows shows that insecticides may be impacting songbirds. (Credit: Phil Lowe/Shutterstock) Some migrating songbirds may be starving thanks to agricultural pesticides. Neonicotinoids are popular insecticides used in industrial agriculture across the U.S. But the chemicals' are controversial because of their detrimental impact on bees and other pollinators. Now, a group of researchers has added heat to the debate, showing that even small amounts

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2019-09-12 21:40:26



Epilepsy surgery: The earlier the better, overview study shows  

A person with drug resistant epilepsy who gets an early surgical intervention has a better chance of becoming seizure free. This is shown in a systematic review and meta-analysis in which researchers analyzed results from a range of previous studies. They concluded that people with drug resistant epilepsy should, as early as possible, be referred for epilepsy surgery evaluation.

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2019-09-12 21:31:40



Role of nuclear glycogen in non-small cell lung cancers  

Researchers have made a breakthrough discovery that solves a mystery long forgotten by science and have identified a potentially novel avenue in pre-clinical models to treat non-small cell lung cancers.

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2019-09-12 20:32:55



Molecular biologists reveal new insights into tumor progression  

A research team has identified a new circular RNA (ribonucleic acid) that increases tumor activity in soft tissue and connective tissue tumors. It's a discovery that may help improve how cancer is identified and treated.

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2019-09-12 19:31:56



Semiconducting material more affected by defects than previously thought  

A promising semiconductor material, halide perovskite, could be improved if flaws previously thought irrelevant to performance are reduced, according to new research.

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2019-09-12 19:18:46



'Fire inversions' lock smoke in valleys  

There's an atmospheric feedback loop, says an atmospheric scientist, that can lock smoke in valleys in much the same way that temperature inversions lock the smog and gunk in the Salt Lake Valley each winter. But understanding this loop can help scientists predict how smoke will impact air quality in valleys, hopefully helping both residents and firefighters alike.

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2019-09-12 18:02:39



Charge change: How electric forces vary in colloids  

When calculating the electrokinetic force, the convention has been to assume that there is no relative velocity of the fluid compared to the surface, which holds true for hydrophilic surfaces. However, it needs to be reconsidered for hydrophobic surfaces.

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2019-09-12 17:58:27



Promising treatment for an incurable, deadly kidney disease  

A potential treatment for polycystic kidney disease -- a genetic disorder that causes the kidneys to swell with multiple cysts and can eventually lead to organ failure -- has shown promising results in animal testing.

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2019-09-12 17:55:17



Controversial insecticides shown to threaten survival of wild birds  

New research shows how the world's most widely used insecticides could be partly responsible for dramatic declines in farmland bird populations. In the first experiment to track effects of a neonicotinoid pesticide on birds in the wild, the team found that white-crowned sparrows who consumed small doses of imidacloprid insecticide suffered weight loss and delays to their migration -- effects that could severely harm the birds' chances of surviving and reproducing.

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2019-09-12 16:02:56



Smart sleepwear: Introducing 'phyjama,' a physiological-sensing pajama  

Scientists expect that in the future, electronically active garments containing unobtrusive, portable devices for monitoring heart rate and respiratory rhythm during sleep, for example, will prove clinically useful in health care. Now researchers have developed physiological-sensing textiles that can be woven or stitched into sleep garments they have dubbed 'phyjamas.'

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2019-09-12 15:34:45



Stem cell researchers reactivate 'back-up genes' in the lab  

Scientists have unraveled parts of a mechanism that may one day help to treat Rett syndrome and other genetic disorders linked to the X chromosome.

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2019-09-12 14:22:52



Astronomers May Have Just Discovered an Interstellar Comet Visiting Our Solar System  

Astronomers first found Comet C/2019 Q4 on August 30. The past week of observations, including this image taken by the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Hawaii's Big Island, have increased astronomers confidence that the comet started life in another solar system. (Credit: Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope) A newly discovered comet has astronomers excited. Formally named C/2019 Q4 (Borisov), the object appears to have come from outside our solar system. If confirmed, that would make it t

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2019-09-12 13:55:50



Why is Earth so biologically diverse? Mountains hold the answer  

Life on Earth is amazingly diverse, and exhibits striking geographical global patterns in biodiversity. A pair of companion papers reveal that mountain regions -- especially those in the tropics -- are hotspots of extraordinary and baffling richness. Although mountain regions cover only 25% of Earth's land area, they are home to more than 85% of the world's species of amphibians, birds, and mammals, and many of these are found only in mountains.

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2019-09-12 13:14:20



How relapse happens: Opiates reduce the brain's ability to form, maintain synapses  

Exposure to heroin sharply reduces levels of the protein necessary for developing and maintaining the brain's synapses, a preclinical study has found.

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2019-09-12 13:08:41



What multilingual nuns can tell us about dementia  

A strong ability in languages may help reduce the risk of developing dementia, says a new study. The research examined the health outcomes of 325 Roman Catholic nuns who were members of the Sisters of Notre Dame in the United States. The data was drawn from a larger, internationally recognized study examining the Sisters, known as the Nun Study.

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2019-09-12 13:06:40



Repeated periods of poverty accelerate the aging process  

People who have found themselves below the relative poverty threshold four or more times in their adult life age significantly earlier than others.

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2019-09-12 13:04:29



Shifting attention can interfere with our perceptions of reality  

A new study suggests that distractions -- those pesky interruptions that pull us away from our goals -- might change our perception of what's real, making us believe we saw something different from what we actually saw. Even more troubling, the study suggests people might not realize their perception has changed - to the contrary, they might feel great confidence in what they think they saw.

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2019-09-12 13:03:13



Saturn's rings shine in Hubble's latest portrait  

Saturn is so beautiful that astronomers cannot resist using the Hubble Space Telescope to take yearly snapshots of the ringed world when it is at its closest distance to Earth. These images, however, are more than just beauty shots. They reveal a planet with a turbulent, dynamic atmosphere.

what do you think?

2019-09-12 12:51:39



How astrocytes help the brain process information  

New research reveals that noradrenaline plays a key role in how astrocytes -- star-shaped cells in the brain closely associated with neurons -- track distinct information during behavior. The researchers found that astrocytes can integrate information on arousal state and sensory experience.

what do you think?

2019-09-12 12:43:56






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